Nepal and Norway established diplomatic relations on January 26, 1973. Norway opened a residential embassy in Kathmandu on 12 January 2000. Nepal does not have a residential embassy in Norway. The Nepali Ambassador in Copenhagen is concurrently accredited to Norway. Similarly, the Nepali Honorary Consul General based in Oslo looks after the Nepali interest in Norway.
After the promulgation of the new Constitution in Nepal on 20 September 2015, Norway congratulated Nepal hailing the development as “a milestone in Nepal’s history and democratic development”. In the statement issued by the Norwegian Foreign Ministry, the Norwegian Government has encouraged the leadership of all political parties and groups in Nepal to work jointly for a peaceful implementation of the Constitution to secure Nepal’s future social and economic development.
Exchange of Visits
- Minister for Foreign Affairs Mr. Upendra Yadav visited Norway in April 2009 to participate in the international conference on Melting Ice – Regional Dramas, Global Wake-up Call (Tromso, Norway, 28 April 2009).
- Hon. Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal ‘Prachanda’ paid an official visit to Norway on March 29-31, 2009. He held bilateral meeting with the Norwegian Prime Minister H.E Mr. Jens Stoltenberg.
- Minister for Foreign Affairs Chakra Prasad Bastola paid an official visit to Norway at the invitation of the Norwegian Foreign Minister from 7 to 9 September 2000.
- Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Borge Brende visited Nepal from 24 to 26 June 2015 in connection with his participation in the Nepal Reconstruction Conference on 25 June 2015. State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Morten Hoglund had visited Nepal from 14 – 15 April 2015 to hold consultation and discussions on the bilateral development cooperation.
- Minister for International Development Mr. Heikki Holmas visited Nepal on 4-5 June 2012 and had meetings with the R.H. Prime Minister, Hon. DPM and Home Minister and Hon. Ministers for Finance and Peace and Reconstruction.
- Prime Minister Jens Stoltenberg paid a one-day visit to Nepal on 8 February 2008. He had a meeting with Rt. Hon. Prime Minister, the Chairman of Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and leaders of other political parties. He took a helicopter flight to the Gangapurna glacier in Manang to observe the impact of climate change in the Himalayas.
- Minister for Environment and Development, Mr. Erik Solheim visited Nepal from 30 to 31 January 2012. In his capacity as Development Minister Mr. Solheim had visited Nepal twice before – from 7 to 8 March 2007 and on May 2-5, 2006.
- Foreign Minister Mr. Knut Vollebaek paid an official visit to Nepal from January 11-13, 2000. He inaugurated residential Norwegian Embassy in Kathmandu.
Government-to-government development cooperation between the two countries commenced with the signing of a Memorandum of Understanding in 1996. In accordance with Nepal’s own priorities, Norway had chosen to concentrate its assistance on basic and primary education, hydropower and energy, human rights, decentralisation and peace support through UN agencies, good governance and private sector development (with focus on hydropower and electrification). Besides government-to-government cooperation, Norway has channelled its assistance through multilateral agencies and Non-Governmental Organizations.
In September 2013, Norway and Nepal signed a new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for bilateral cooperation covering the period from 2013-2017. The MoU determines that Norway will concentrate its assistance to the sectors of democracy and inclusive governance, education and energy, both on and off grid. Cross-cutting issues such as environment, gender equality and anti-corruption are of high priority.
The Government of Norway has agreed to contribute an additional grant assistance of Norwegian Kroner 127 million (approximately NRs 1.83 billion) to the pool of School Sector Reform Program (SSRP). The Government of Nepal and the Government of Norway signed an addendum to the Financing Agreement at the Ministry of Finance, on 05 December 2014.
The Government of Norway has provided NOK 30.6 million for Nepal Peace Trust Fund. The latest pledge of Norway for its development cooperation to Nepal includes USD 27 million to the energy sector, including renewable/clean energy.
The Norwegian Government provided NOK 30 million in emergency relief on the very day the massive earthquake struck Nepal on April 25, 2015. Norway’s total funding to Nepal after the earthquake amounted to NOK 230 million, making it one of the largest bilateral donor countries to Nepal.
Norway annually offers KDP fellowships to Government of Nepal in different fields of study aiming at human resources development of Nepal.
The following table shows the status of Nepal’s trade with Norway during the last five years: Value in USD
|2014||2,244,248||724,693||1, 519, 555|
|2015||2,286,980||1,275,205||1, 011, 775|
Nepal has also signed an agreement on the avoidance of double taxation with Norway. Until Fiscal Year 2070/71, Norwegian firms have invested Rs. 1140.83 million in 13 various projects in Nepal, which generated 753 employment opportunities.
Tourist arrival in Nepal from Norway has been steady over the last five years.